Public History of the Cold War

Cold war is termed as a situation of a sustained state of political and military tension between supreme powers. The term originated after the Second World War when the first phase of Cold War actually began. USSR started firming its grip over eastern block of United States and simultaneously States started promoting military and financial aids to the countries of Western Europe in order to challenge the Soviet power. “The Chinese Civil War, Korean War further expanded the conflict and now USA and USSR started competing for influencing Latin America”.

The two supreme power started indulging themselves in decolonizing several parts of Africa, middle east and south east Asia. The loss of States in Vietnam War, crushing of Prague Spring liberalization by USSR led to further adjustments between these two supreme powers and gave USSR a cutting edge of US. “By the early 70s the cold situation started turning around where both sides initiated their measures in stabilizing the situation and contributed towards building a stable and predictable international system”. The Strategic Arms Limitation Talks, US inviting Republic Of China to establish healthy open public relations gave the numb scenario a new direction.

But, this stable phase could last for a decade only and early 80s saw Soviet charging by bringing down a Korean Air Lines Flight, and Able Archer, which were NATO military exercises. On this US reacted by imposing diplomatic, military and economic pressures on the Soviet Union. In mid 80s Soviet Union got its new leader Mikhail Gorbachev and introduced the liberalizing reforms of glasnost and perestroika and moved Soviet forces from Afghanistan. Meanwhile the revolt for freedom thrives in the eastern Europe and new leader refused to impose military actions which resulted in a peaceful abolishment of Communist regimes in Central and Eastern Europe.

Gradually the Communist Party of the Soviet Union lost the control over Mongolia, Cambodia, and South Yemen and complete dissolution of USSR occurred in 1991. This in turn gave the world with only superpower, United States. This cold war between the two supreme powers have larboard a significant impact on the lives of people in that particular era and it is often referred to in popular culture, particularly media with a of threat of nuclear warfare.